What is Wh questions

There are two types of questions:

Question words

Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters 'W' and 'H'.
Question wordsMeaningExamples
whopersonWho's that? That's Nancy.
whereplaceWhere do you live? In Boston
whyreasonWhy do you sleep early? Because I've got to get up early
whentimeWhen do you go to work? At 7:00
howmannerHow do you go? By car
whatobject, idea or actionWhat do you do? I am an engineer
whichchoiceWhich one do you prefer? The red one.
whosepossessionWhose is this book? It's Alan's.
whomobject of the verbWhom did you meet? I met the manager.
what kinddescriptionWhat kind of music do you like? I like quiet songs
what timetimeWhat time did you come home?
how manyquantity (countable)How many students are there? There are twenty.
how muchamount, price (uncountable)How much time have we got? Ten minutes
how longduration, lengthHow long did you stay in that hotel? For two weeks.
how oftenfrequencyHow often do you go to the gym? Twice a week.
how fardistanceHow far is your school? It's one mile far.
how oldageHow old are you? I'm 16.
how comereasonHow come I didn't see you at the party?

Asking questions

1.If you ask about the subject of the sentence, simply add the question word at the beginning:
Example:
James writes good poems. — Who writes good poems?

2.If you ask about the predicate of the sentence (the part of a sentence which contains the verb and gives information about the subject), there are three options:
  • If there is a helping (auxiliary) verb that precedes the main verb ( for example: can, is, are, was, were, will, would...), add the question word and invert the subject and the helping (auxiliary) verb.
    Examples:
    He can speak Chinese. — What can he speak?
    They are leaving tonight. — When are they leaving?
  • If you ask about the predicate and there is no helping (auxiliary) verb and the verb is "to be", simply add the question word and invert the subject and the verb.
    Example:
    The play was interesting. — How was the play?
  • If there is no helping (auxiliary) verb in the the predicate and the main verb is not "to be", add the auxiliary "do" in the appropriate form.
    Examples:
    They go to the movies every Saturday. — Where do they go every Saturday?
    He wakes up early. — When does he wake up?
    They sent a letter. — What did they send?

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