What is linking verb

What is linking verb? Well a linking verb is a verb which connects a subject to its predicate without expressing an action. A linking verb is used to re-identify or describe its subject.




The word, phrase, or clause which follows a linking verb to re-identify or describe the subject is called the subject complement.

A List of Linking Verbs

The most common linking verb is the verb to be. Other common ones relate to the five senses (to lookto feelto smellto sound, and to taste). Here is a list of common linking verbs:
  • to be
  • (In all its forms, e.g., amisarewaswerewill bewas beinghas been.)
  • to appear
  • to be
  • to become
  • to feel
  • to look
  • to seem
  • to smell
  • to sound
  • to taste

Examples of Linking Verbs Used to Re-identify the Subject

Here are some examples of linking verbs (shaded) re-identifying the subject:
  • Alan is a beast.
  • His father was the headmaster.
  • This project is a disaster.

Examples of Linking Verbs Modifying (Describing) the Subject

Here are some examples of linking verbs (shaded) modifying the subject:
  • Alan seems drunk.
  • The soup smells delicious.
  • His voice sounds flat.
  • Linking Verbs Are Not Action Verbs

    The verbs to beto become, and to seem are always linking verbs. They always link the subject to the predicate to re-identify or describe it. However, the other verbs in the list above are not always linking verbs. Remember, linking verbs do not express an action. However, some of the verbs in our list can express an action. For example:
    • He smells the soup.
    • (In this example, smells is not a linking verb. This time, it is an action verb. It has taken a direct objectHe is doing something to the soup.)
    • Tony smells awful.
    • (In this example, smells is a linking verb. It links the subject Tony to the adjective awful to modify Tony.)
    Here is another example:
    • The inspector will feel the fabric.
    • (In this example, will feel is not a linking verb. This time, it is an action verb. It has taken a direct object. The inspector will do something to the fabric.)
    • The fabric will feel soft.
    • (In this example, will feel is a linking verb. It links the subject The fabric to the adjective soft.)

    Linking Verbs in the Passive Voice and Progressive Tense

    The verb to be is used to form the passive voice and the progressive tenses. For example:
    As past participles (here, painted) and present participles (here, frustrating) are classified as adjectives, the constructions above are no different from these:
    • He was happy.
    • He is happy.
    Therefore, the "to be" part of a passive construction (here, was painted) and a verb tense (here, is frustrating) can be considered a linking verb.

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