what is an affix (with Examples)

what is an affix . An affix is added to the root of a word to change its meaning. 


An affix added to the front of a word is known as a prefix. One added to the back is known as a suffix. Sometimes, prefixes are hyphenated.




Examples of Affixes

Here are some examples of affixes:
·         incapable
(The affix is the prefix in.)
·         ex-President
(The affix is the prefix ex-.)
·         laughing
(The affix is the suffix ing.)
Most Common Prefixes. The four most common prefixes are dis-in-re-, and un-. These account for over 95% of prefixed words.


Most Common Suffixes. The four most common suffixes are -ed-ing-ly, and -es. These account for over 95% of suffixed words.

A List of Common Prefixes

Here is a list of common prefixes with some examples:
Prefix
Meaning
Example
a-, an-
without
amoral, atypical
ante-
before
antecedent, antenatal
anti-
against
anti-establishment
auto-
self
autopilot
circum-
around
circumvent
co-
with
co-conspirator, co-pilot
com-, con-
with
companion, contact
contra-
against
contradiction
de-
off
delist, devalue
dis-
not
disappear
en-
put into
enclose, envelop
ex-
out of, former
extract, ex-governor
extra-
beyond, more than
extracurricular
hetero-
different
heterosexual
homo-
same
homonym, homophone
hyper-
over, more
hyperactive
il-, im-, in-, ir-
not, without
illegal, impractical, inconsiderate, irresponsible
in-
into
insert
inter-
between
internet, intersection,
intra-
inside
intranet, intravenous
macro-
large
macronutrients
micro-
small
microscope
mono-
one
monocle
non-
not, without
nonentity, nonstarter,
omni-
all, every
omnipresent, omniscient
post-
after
post-mortem
pre-, pro-
before, forward
precede, project
sub-
under
submarine, substandard
syn-
same time
synchronize
super-
above
supervisor, superhuman
trans-
across
transmit
tri-
three
tripod, triceratops
un-
not
undone, unfinished,
uni-
one
unicorn, unilaterally

A List of Common Suffixes

Here is a list of common suffixes with some examples:

Suffix
Meaning
Example
-able, -ible
can be done
comfortable, passable
-al, -ial
having the characteristics of
personal
-ed
past-tense verbs (weak verbs)
danced, jumped
-en
made of
golden, wooden
-er
comparative
tidier, nicer
-er, -or
one who
actor, narrator, worker
-est
superlative
nicest, greatest
-ful
full or full of
cupful, careful
-ic
having characteristics of
linguistic, sarcastic
-ing
verb form (present participle and gerund)
dancing, singing
-ion, -tion, -ation, ition
act or process
attraction, attrition
-ity, -ty
state of
humility, infinity
-ive, -ative, itive
adjective form of a noun
expensive, plaintive
-less
without
topless, fearless
-ly
adverb ending
nicely, quickly
-ment
action or process
enjoyment, entrenchment
-ness
state of, condition of
eagerness, kindness
-ous, -eous, -ious
possessing the qualities of
erroneous, joyous
-s, -es
plural
tables, foxes
-y
characterized by
fatty, happy, jumpy

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