Nationalities of the whole world

Nationalities of the whole world. Forming nationality adjectives and nouns from country names is not always simple in English. Use the nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to all people of that nationality. The adjective listed also often refers to the language spoken in the country, although this is not always the case.


EXAMPLES
  • Country: I live in Japan.
  • Adjective: He likes Japanese food.
  • Origins: She is a Japanese person. = She is from Japan. = She is Japanese.
  • Language: She speaks Japanese.
  • Describing a group: Spaniards often drink wine. = Spanish people often drink wine.
  • Describing a group: The Chinese enjoy fireworks. = Chinese people enjoy fireworks.
In some cases, a nationality or regional noun may be negatively corrolated for some people, for historic or political reasons. When this is the case, many people will not use it, but will instead use a more neutral adjective + "people" formulation or "people from" + country name. This is the case for the examples with an asterix below. Alternative formulations, less likely to give offense, are given in parentheses.
Geographic Region/Continent
Adjective
Noun
Africa
African
an African* (an African person, someone from Africa)
Asia
Asian
an Asian* (an Asian person, someone from Asia)
Europe
European
a European
Central America
Central American
a Central American
Middle East
Middle Eastern
a Middle Easterner
North Africa
North African
a North African
South America
South American
a South American
Southeast Asia
Southeast Asian
a Southeast Asian person

Country or region
Adjective
Noun
Afghanistan
Afghan
an Afghan
Algeria
Algerian
an Algerian
Angola
Angolan
an Angolan
Argentina
Argentine
an Argentine
Austria
Austrian
an Austrian
Australia
Australian
an Australian
Bangladesh
Bangladeshi
a Bangladeshi
Belarus
Belarusian
a Belarusian
Belgium
Belgian
a Belgian
Bolivia
Bolivian
a Bolivian
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnian/Herzegovinian
a Bosnian/a Herzegovinian
Brazil
Brazilian
a Brazilian
Britain
British
a Briton (informally: a Brit)
Bulgaria
Bulgarian
a Bulgarian
Cambodia
Cambodian
a Cambodian
Cameroon
Cameroonian
a Cameroonian
Canada
Canadian
a Canadian
Central African Republic
Central African
a Central African
Chad
Chadian
a Chadian
China
Chinese
a Chinese person
Colombia
Colombian
a Colombian
Costa Rica
Costa Rican
a Costa Rican
Croatia
Croatian
a Croat
the Czech Republic
Czech
a Czech person
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Congolese
a Congolese person (note: this refers to people from the Republic of the Congo as well)
Denmark
Danish
a Dane
Ecuador
Ecuadorian
an Ecuadorian
Egypt
Egyptian
an Egyptian
El Salvador
Salvadoran
a Salvadoran (also accepted are Salvadorian & Salvadorean)
England
English
an Englishman/Englishwoman
Estonia
Estonian
an Estonian
Ethiopia
Ethiopian
an Ethiopian
Finland
Finnish
a Finn
France
French
a Frenchman/Frenchwoman
Germany
German
a German
Ghana
Ghanaian
a Ghanaian
Greece
Greek
a Greek
Guatemala
Guatemalan
a Guatemalan
Holland
Dutch
a Dutchman/Dutchwoman
Honduras
Honduran
a Honduran
Hungary
Hungarian
a Hungarian
Iceland
Icelandic
an Icelander
India
Indian
an Indian
Indonesia
Indonesian
an Indonesian
Iran
Iranian
an Iranian
Iraq
Iraqi
an Iraqi
Ireland
Irish
an Irishman/Irishwoman
Israel
Israeli
an Israeli
Italy
Italian
an Italian
Ivory Coast
Ivorian
an Ivorian
Jamaica
Jamaican
a Jamaican
Japan
Japanese
a Japanese person
Jordan
Jordanian
a Jordanian
Kazakhstan
Kazakh
a Kazakhstani (used as a noun, "a Kazakh" refers to an ethnic group, not a nationality)
Kenya
Kenyan
a Kenyan
Laos
Lao
a Laotian (used as a noun, "a Lao" refers to an ethnic group, not a nationality)
Latvia
Latvian
a Latvian
Libya
Libyan
a Libyan
Lithuania
Lithuanian
a Lithuanian
Madagascar
Malagasy
a Malagasy
Malaysia
Malaysian
a Malaysian
Mali
Malian
a Malian
Mauritania
Mauritanian
a Mauritanian
Mexico
Mexican
a Mexican* (may be offensive in the USA. Use "someone from Mexico" instead.)
Morocco
Moroccan
a Moroccan
Namibia
Namibian
a Namibian
New Zealand
New Zealand
a New Zealander
Nicaragua
Nicaraguan
a Nicaraguan
Niger
Nigerien
a Nigerien
Nigeria
Nigerian
a Nigerian
Norway
Norwegian
a Norwegian
Oman
Omani
an Omani
Pakistan
Pakistani
a Pakistani* (may be offensive in the UK. Use "someone from Pakistan" instead.)
Panama
Panamanian
a Panamanian
Paraguay
Paraguayan
a Paraguayan
Peru
Peruvian
a Peruvian
The Philippines
Philippine
a Filipino* (someone from the Philippines)
Poland
Polish
a Pole* (someone from Poland, a Polish person)
Portugal
Portuguese
a Portuguese person
Republic of the Congo
Congolese
a Congolese person (note: this refers to people from the Democratic Republic of the Congo as well)
Romania
Romanian
a Romanian
Russia
Russian
a Russian
Saudi Arabia
Saudi, Saudi Arabian
a Saudi, a Saudi Arabian
Scotland
Scottish
a Scot
Senegal
Senegalese
a Senegalese person
Serbia
Serbian
a Serbian (used as a noun, "a Serb" refers to an ethnic group, not a nationality
Singapore
Singaporean
a Singaporean
Slovakia
Slovak
a Slovak
Somalia
Somalian
a Somalian
South Africa
South African
a South African
Spain
Spanish
a Spaniard* (a Spanish person, someone from Spain)
Sudan
Sudanese
a Sudanese person
Sweden
Swedish
a Swede
Switzerland
Swiss
a Swiss person
Syria
Syrian
a Syrian
Thailand
Thai
a Thai person
Tunisia
Tunisian
a Tunisian
Turkey
Turkish
a Turk
Turkmenistan
Turkmen
a Turkmen / the Turkmens
Ukraine
Ukranian
a Ukranian
The United Arab Emirates
Emirati
an Emirati
The United States
American
an American
Uruguay
Uruguayan
a Uruguayan
Vietnam
Vietnamese
a Vietnamese person
Wales
Welsh
a Welshman/Welshwoman
Zambia
Zambian
a Zambian
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwean
a Zimbabwean
Cities also can be transformed into adjectives and nouns, although they are highly irregular and the nominal form is not always agreed upon (there may be several). Some examples of transformed city names are below.
City
Adjective
Noun
Paris
Parisian
a Parisian
New York
New York
a New Yorker
Sydney
Sydney
a Sydney-sider
London
London
a Londoner
São Paulo
São Paulo
a Paulistano
New Delhi
New Delhi
a Delhiite
Cape Town
Cape Town
a Capetonian

Share this

Related Posts

Previous
Next Post »