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شرح Demonstrative pronouns

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله , اليوم سنتناول درس Demonstrative pronouns.

A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things:

    • near in distance or time (thisthese)
  • far in distance or time (thatthose)
near far
singular this that
plural these those



Here are some examples with demonstrative pronouns, followed by an illustration:

    • This tastes good.
    • Have you seen this?
    • These are bad times.
    • Do you like these?

  • That is beautiful.
    • Look at that!
    • Those were the days!
    • Can you see those?
    • This is heavier than that.
    • These are bigger than those.
    • صورة demonstrative pronouns
      صورة demonstrative pronouns


Do not confuse demonstrative pronouns with demonstrative adjectives. They are identical, but a demonstrative pronoun stands alone, while a demonstrative adjective qualifies a noun.

  • That smells. (demonstrative pronoun)
  • That book is good. (demonstrative adjective + noun)
Normally we use demonstrative pronouns for things only. But we can use them for people when the person is identified. Look at these examples:
  • This is Josef speaking. Is that Mary?
  • That sounds like John.

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