السلام عليكم و رحمة الله , اليوم سنتناول درس Demonstrative pronouns.
A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things:
- near in distance or time (this, these)
- far in distance or time (that, those)
Here are some examples with demonstrative pronouns, followed by an illustration:
- This tastes good.
- Have you seen this?
- These are bad times.
- Do you like these?
Do not confuse demonstrative pronouns with demonstrative adjectives. They are identical, but a demonstrative pronoun stands alone, while a demonstrative adjective qualifies a noun.
- That smells. (demonstrative pronoun)
- That book is good. (demonstrative adjective + noun)
Normally we use demonstrative pronouns for things only. But we can use them for people when the person is identified. Look at these examples:
- This is Josef speaking. Is that Mary?
- That sounds like John.