What is Wh questions

There are two types of questions:

Question words

Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters 'W' and 'H'.
Question wordsMeaningExamples
whopersonWho's that? That's Nancy.
whereplaceWhere do you live? In Boston
whyreasonWhy do you sleep early? Because I've got to get up early
whentimeWhen do you go to work? At 7:00
howmannerHow do you go? By car
whatobject, idea or actionWhat do you do? I am an engineer
whichchoiceWhich one do you prefer? The red one.
whosepossessionWhose is this book? It's Alan's.
whomobject of the verbWhom did you meet? I met the manager.
what kinddescriptionWhat kind of music do you like? I like quiet songs
what timetimeWhat time did you come home?
how manyquantity (countable)How many students are there? There are twenty.
how muchamount, price (uncountable)How much time have we got? Ten minutes
how longduration, lengthHow long did you stay in that hotel? For two weeks.
how oftenfrequencyHow often do you go to the gym? Twice a week.
how fardistanceHow far is your school? It's one mile far.
how oldageHow old are you? I'm 16.
how comereasonHow come I didn't see you at the party?

Asking questions

1.If you ask about the subject of the sentence, simply add the question word at the beginning:
Example:
James writes good poems. — Who writes good poems?

2.If you ask about the predicate of the sentence (the part of a sentence which contains the verb and gives information about the subject), there are three options:
  • If there is a helping (auxiliary) verb that precedes the main verb ( for example: can, is, are, was, were, will, would...), add the question word and invert the subject and the helping (auxiliary) verb.
    Examples:
    He can speak Chinese. — What can he speak?
    They are leaving tonight. — When are they leaving?
  • If you ask about the predicate and there is no helping (auxiliary) verb and the verb is "to be", simply add the question word and invert the subject and the verb.
    Example:
    The play was interesting. — How was the play?
  • If there is no helping (auxiliary) verb in the the predicate and the main verb is not "to be", add the auxiliary "do" in the appropriate form.
    Examples:
    They go to the movies every Saturday. — Where do they go every Saturday?
    He wakes up early. — When does he wake up?
    They sent a letter. — What did they send?

What is Yes-no questions

There are two types of questions:

Yes-no questions

Yes or no questions are questions whose expected answer is either "yes" or "no".

How to form yes-no questions

In English, a special word order (Verb Subject Object) is used to form yes-no questions.
Examples:
AffirmativeYes or No Question
They are AmericanAre they American?
She is niceIs she nice?

The rules

1. If the main verb of the sentence is "to be", simply invert the subject and the verb to be:
Examples:
  • They are American. — Are they American?
  • They are nice. — Are they nice?
2. If the sentence includes a main verb and another or other helping (auxiliary) verb(s), invert the subject and the (first) helping (auxiliary) verb.
Examples:
  • They are visiting Paris. — Are they visiting Paris?
  • She has done the housework. — Has she done the housework
  • Nancy has been working all night long. — Has Nancy been working all night long?
  • He will be reading the book. — Will he be reading the book?
3. If the sentence includes a verb which is not the verb "to be" and doesn't include a helping (auxiliary) verb, the transformation is more complex.
a. If the verb is in the present tense, add either do or does and put the main verb in its base form:
  • do if the subject is the first person singular, second person singular, first person plural, second person plural and third person plural (I, you, we, they)
    Examples:
    like apples. — Do you like apples?
    They go to a high school. — Do they go to a high school?
  • does if the subject is the third person singular (he, she, it).
    Examples:
    Nancy reads a lot. — Does Nancy read a lot?
    He hates basketball. — Does he hate basketball?
b.If the verb is in the past tense, add did and put the main verb in its base form:
Examples:
  • He discovered the truth. — Did he discover the truth?
  • She wrote a nice essay. — Did she write a nice essay?
  • They did the homework. — Did they do the homework?

What is Christmas

Christmas

Christmas which is celebrated on December 25th is an important Christian holiday. The origin of the word "Christmas" comes from "Christ" and the "Holy.Mass" . It is believed that the day commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ although a lot of people doubt that the Day corresponds to the actual date of his birth. In spite of its Christian origin, Christmas is also celebrated by a lot of non Christian countries and the celebration includes a lot of non religious customs. People exchange gifts and greeting cards. Homes are decorated with Christmas trees, light and garlands. Dinners are planned with special food and all the families gather to have a lot of fun.
A central imaginary figure in Christmas is Father Christmas, also called Santa Claus. He is believed to fly on his sleigh bringing gifts for children .
Christmas is also an opportunity for economic growth. It has become an important period for business activity. Shops make a lot of profit and a lot of countries realized this economic impact.
Source: Wikipedia

What do you know about April Fool’s Day

April Fool's Day

April Fool’s Day, sometimes called All Fool's Day, is on the first of April every year. People can play practical jokes. That's why you shouldn't believe what is said to you and you should be doubtful of the people around you on this day. Someone might change the time on another person's alarm to make him wake up very early or very late. Or she / he may put a lot of pepper in another's food. Of course all this is done just for fun. when the trick is played people say "April Fool" to make the poor person realize that it was just a joke.
Some of the well known and most successful pranks or practical jokes were on the media - television, radio stations, newspapers... For instance, a BBC television program ran a famous hoax in 1957, showing Italians harvesting spaghetti from trees. A large number of people contacted the BBC wanting to know how to cultivate spaghetti trees. In 2008, the BBC again reported on a newly discovered colony of flying penguins showing people walking with the penguins in Antarctica, and following their flight to the Amazon rainforest.
Source: Wikipedia

steps to write a book or film review

Follow these steps to write a book or film review.

Pre writing

Remember and take notes of the plot of the story. What impression did it produce on you?

Writing

  • Introduction: give the title and author of the book. If you're reviewing a film mention the director or actors.
  • Body:
    1. Summarize the plot in a few sentences.
    2. Mention the setting: the place and time of the plot.
    3. Say something about the main characters.
    4. Say something about the content.
  • Conclusion:
    1. Comment on the book or film.
    2. Let others know whether or not you liked the book/film.
    3. Why do you like it? Why don't you like it?
    4. Is the author's style good or bad, is the book / film interesting or boring etc.
    5. Do you want to recommend the book/film?

Post writing

Edit your writing.

Useful Expressions:

  Title, Author / Director, Actors
The film is directed by
The film is produced by..
It is starred by...
The book is written by ...
Setting
The action takes place in ... (setting)
The action of the film is set in ...
The story takes place in...
Characters and Plot
The main characters are ...
The story is about ....
The novel tells the story of ...
In the course of the novel the action develops dramatically.
The novel / film begins with...
The novel has an unexpected ending.
The end of ... is ...
��Reaction
I am impressed by
I think ....
The book is terribly / beautifully written
The film is terrible / exciting.
What surprised me is ...
What I liked is...
What I didn't like is...
I liked/didn't like the film / novel because ...

Writing Narrative Essay

Narration

In a narrative, essay we basically tell a story that is related to your own life. It can be a narration of a personal experience or the events that happened to someone you know. The narrative essay should have a purpose. It must make a point and the reader must learn a lesson or gain insight.

Tips to write a narrative essay

  • Tell a story based on one of your own experiences.
  • Use concrete details so that your readers can visualize what is happening. Give as many sensory details and vivid descriptions to involve the reader.
  • You may use dialogue.
  • Make sure that your narrative essay communicates a main idea or a lesson.
  • Spend some time drafting what you can remember about the experience.
  • Create an outline of the basic parts of your narrative.
  • Write your first draft and don't pay attention to mistakes at this stage.
  • When writing a narrative essay you may use the tools of descriptive writing.
  • Edit the essay:
    1. Does the writing effectively recreates the experience for your readers?
    2. Are there any more details and descriptions are needed?
    3. Are there any information that has to be removed?
    4. Is your narration effectively written to help your readers visualize events?
    5. Is there any logical or chronological order in your narration?
    6. Are there any grammatical or spelling mistakes?
    7. Have you used appropriate cohesive devices?
  • Write your final draft.